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Wind of Democraticization Blowing Through Southern Africa
- Wind of Democraticization Blowing Through Southern Africa
- 저작자 미상 (저작물 2267372 건)
If in the past Africa fought for independence with guns and violence today Africans are fighting for new freedoms through democratic elections.
When the Continent began gaining independence in the late 1970s its leaders and elites inherited authoritarian‚ colonial states without a single African leader allowing himself to be voted out of office.
And now after enduring years of authoritarian rule Africans are taking it upon themselves to overturn the autocracy by using the voting system.
At present‚ the most electorally democratic states in southern Africa‚ include Mozambique‚ South Africa‚ Namibia and Zimbabwe.
Ever since Mozambique gained independence in 1975‚ the country has been under the Frelimo party's rule.
However‚ this year's national elections could be a turning point for Mozambique as Frelimo's main rival Renamo and newly launched MDM party attempt to restore political balance through the revival of multi-party politics.
With only a little over a month left until the general elections winds of change are also blowing in South Africa.
The ANC party‚ which has held an overwhelming majority since Nelson Mandela was voted the country's first black president in 1994 is quickly losing its popularity as its leader‚ Jacob Zuma‚ faces mounting corruption charges.
And with so many prominent ANC members defecting to join the opposition Congress of the People earlier this month it is looking more and more likely that a ruling party change will finally take place after 15 years.
Another newly democratizing state is Zimbabwe.
President Robert Mugabe and his ruling party Zanu-PF has been in power since 1980.
But last March‚ Morgan Tsvangirai of the opposition party MDC won the presidency breaking almost three decades of Mugabe rule.
Experts say they have high hopes that this new wave of democracy in southern Africa will finally bring about lasting harmony and stability to the politically fragile region.
Jang Ji-yun‚ Arirang News.
Reporter : firstname.lastname@example.org
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